Under the slogan “Everybody counts”, WHO will advocate for access to safe, effective, quality and affordable medicines, including medicines, diagnostics and other health commodities as well as health care services for all people in need, while also ensuring that they are protected against financial risks.
- HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives so far. In 2016, 1.0 million people died from HIV-related causes globally.
- There were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2016 globally.
- 54% of adults and 43% of children living with HIV are currently receiving lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART).
- Global ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is high at 76% .
- The WHO African Region is the most affected region, with 25.6 million people living with HIV in 2016. The African region also accounts for almost two thirds of the global total of new HIV infections.
- HIV infection is often diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies. Most often these tests provide same-day test results, which are essential for same day diagnosis and early treatment and care.
- Key populations are groups who are at increased risk of HIV irrespective of epidemic type or local context. They include: men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and their clients, and transgender people.
- Key populations often have legal and social issues related to their behaviours that increase vulnerability to HIV and reduce access to testing and treatment programmes.
- In 2015, an estimated 44% of new infections occurred among key populations and their partners.
- There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission so that people with HIV, and those at substantial risk, can enjoy healthy, long and productive lives.
- It is estimated that currently only 70% of people with HIV know their status. To reach the target of 90%, an additional 7.5 million people need to access HIV testing services. In mid-2017, 20.9 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally.
- Between 2000 and 2016, new HIV infections fell by 39%, and HIV-related deaths fell by one third with 13.1 million lives saved due to ART in the same period. This achievement was the result of great efforts by national HIV programmes supported by civil society and a range of development partners.
Current situation of HIV / AIDS in 2017 – Macedonia
In 2017 in Macedonia registered 39 new cases of HIV / AIDS.
- Distribution of persons with HIV / AIDS in 2017
– 4 people are infected with AIDS, 35 people are HIV positive.
- In 2017 were no registered deaths from AIDS.
- Structure half of people with HIV / AIDS in 2017 .:
– 39 people are male.
- Place of living of persons with HIV / AIDS in 2017 are:
– Skopje, 18, Stip 4, Prilep 3, Kumanovo 2, Veles 2, Bitola 2, Strumica 2, Kavadarci 2, Tetovo 1, Sv. Nikole 1, Vinica 1, Valandovo 1
- Age groups of people with HIV / AIDS are:
– 20 – 29 years 19 persons
– From 30-39 years, 14 people
– From 40-49 years 5 people
– From 50-59 years 1 person
- Method of transmission of HIV among people with HIV / AIDS:
– In 7 persons heterosexual route of transmission of HIV
– 31 people is through sexual contact from male to male (MSM)
– In 1 person unknown mode of transmission
The situation with HIV / AIDS in R. Macedonia obtained on the basis of the epidemiological data, the period 1987-2017
In the period 1987 – 2017, a total of 354 registered people are living with HIV / AIDS.
The distribution by age groups of people living with HIV / AIDS shows that:
– 0-6 years attend for 5 persons
– 7-14 years attend one person
– 15-19 years attend for 6 persons
– 20-29 years attend for 122 persons
– 30-39 years attend for 137 persons
– 40-49 years attend for 52 persons
– 50-59 years attend for 22 persons
– 60+ years attend for 9 persons.
According to the method of transmission of HIV, stated that:
among 149 persons obtained data on heterosexual contact in transmission of HIV;
177 people had sexual contact among men (MSM);
12 people were intravenous drug use (injecting drug – LKID);
4 people were hemophiliacs;
6 people registered HIV transmission from mother to fetus;
– In 6 person unknown mode of transmission
The distribution by sex of persons living with HIV / AIDS, shows that of the total (354 people), 301 people are male, while 53 people are female.