World Water Day 2015
Without water there is no sustainable development!
Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Macedonia, for the sixth time will mark World Water Day, this year in cooperation with Kat production.
The annual release of the UN on the occasion of celebration of the water day which says that Without water there is no sustainable development!
Institute of Public Health, together with the manufacturers of bottled water Pelisterka, Kozuvcanka, Good water and Visiana, children’s creative center “Star”, and visitors to the event will be sent on March 22 (Sunday) from Shell in City Park in Skopje.
On this occasion, are organized a number of activities that will take place from 11 to 14 hours. Therefore,it have been prepared leaflets with information on the status of safe drinking water worldwide and useful and educational information about the importance of water to human health.
Art workshop will be open to all children who will come to the event and wish to create the theme of water. The best works will be donated to the orphanage “May 25″.
The performance titled “Caring for the future, caring to the water” is ready, and will transmit messages about the importance of water for healthy life and recommendations as to care and not to exhaust the resources of safe drinking water. Children from the creative center Star, the chorus “Children of Skopje “, the ballet studio “Eureka”, the hostess Isabella Novotny, Victoria Loba and group artists with Snezana Koneska Rusi through song, dance and entertainment will educate the youngest how to care for the future, by taking care of the water!
Clean hands can save your life, recommend medical staff.
In 2010, the Republic of Macedonia with access to safe drinking water was covered 95% of the population. Today, an access to safe water have 97 % of the population. It shows that the Republic of Macedonia is in the group of countries in the world with very high access to safe drinking water. This fact does not decreases the commitment of our country to improve access to safe drinking water in it by 2020 would be 98 percent, “say experts from IPH.
The survey conducted by the Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Macedonia in 2011 showed that over 80% of respondents are satisfied with drinking water. Respondents said that they prefer tap water. The percentage of citizens who have stated, corresponds to the percentage of people who are satisfied with the quality of the water we drink or use. Unfortunately, a half of the respondents are not careful how they use / waste water during the performance of everyday tasks (personal hygiene and sanitation of the home).
We appeal for careful use of water because without water there is no sustainable development!
The event is completed with the manufacturers of packaged drinking water that on their booths will present their products and event attendees will have the opportunity to try branded water from leading domestic manufacturers.
Safety of packed water
In 2009 in the laboratories of the Institute of Public Health have been tested 136 samples of mineral water, unlike in 2008 when it were examined 214 samples of mineral water, which is three times less than in 2005 when it were tested even 610 samples of mineral water. This year in accredited laboratories of IPH are examined 169 samples of bottled water. The percentage of domestic manufacturers of water increases with respect to previous years, but regular monitoring of the safety of imported water is more prevalent percentage than domestic. It shows a reduced interest of domestic producers to monitor the safety of their products. Institute of Public Health has accredited laboratories equipped for testing of mineral waters in terms of microbiological analysis, physical and chemical analysis, the content of minerals, toxicological agents, parasitological analysis, residues of pesticides and radiation. It is advisable to conduct regular examinations of all mineral water throughout the year.
The United Nations each year initiate mass demonstrations around the world to mark World Water Day
WATER IS NATURE
Ecosystems are located in the heart of the global water cycle
Ecosystems – including, for example, forests, swamp and grasslands – are located in the heart of the global water cycle. All freshwater ultimately depend on the continued healthy functioning of ecosystems, and the recognition of the cycle of water is essential for achieving sustainable water management. However, most economic models do not evaluate the basic services provided by freshwater ecosystems. This leads to unsustainable use of water resources and degradation of ecosystems.
Each week, a million people go to cities
Today, one in two people in the world live in the city. The cities in the world are growing at an exceptional rate – 4 people moved to cities for the time it took you to read the sentence. Over 90% of urbanization is happening in poor or developing countries, and nearly 40% of urban expansion in the world is on the rise in the slums. The projections show that 2.5 billion people will move to urban centers by 2050.
More water is consumed for the production of a car than to fill the swimming pool
Each manufactured product requires water. Some industries have greater water demands from others. 10 liters of water were used to make a sheet of paper, 91 liters are used to make 500 grams of plastic.
Water and energy are inseparable friends
Water and energy are natural partners. Water is needed to generate energy. Energy is needed to provide water. Today more than 80% of the electrical energy is obtained from thermal energy. The water is heated to produce steam to raise the electrical generators. Billion gallons of water are also needed for cooling.
For the production of two steaks is required 15,000 liters of water
Each American uses 7,500 gallons of water per day – primarily for food. Inefficient use of water may mean that 100 liters are needed to produce one calorie. Irrigation takes up to 90% of water abstraction in some developed countries. Globally, agriculture is the largest consumer of water, assuming 70% of the total water abstraction. By 2050, the agriculture will have to produce 60% more food globally, and 100% in developing countries.
The economic growth and individual well-being impact of changing of eating habits from predominantly starch-based diets, diets based on meat and dairy products, which require more water. For example, the production of one kilogram of rice requires 3,500 liters of water while 1 kg of beef requires 15,000 liters. Changing eating habits have the greatest impact on water consumption in the last 30 years, and is likely to continue in the middle of the 21st century.
Every day women spend 200 million hours carrying water
In developing countries the responsibility for collecting water each day falls disproportionately on women and girls. The average women in these regions spend 25 percent of their day collecting water for their families. This is not the time spent working as a job with income, care for family or going to school. The investments in water and sanitation show significant economic benefits. Every invested dollar shows return between 5 and 28 $.
The report on the quality of drinking water in the Republic of Macedonia for 2014 from the Institute of Public Health is reported that 1,301,646 people, ie 63.1% of the population in the country is supplied with drinking water from central water supply systems managed by public utilities that meet legal obligations regarding the provision and control of health safety of drinking water (Statement of drinking water in 2014. Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Macedonia, 2015). The others are supplied in the following ways:
- 213 422 people (10.34%) are connected to the public water supply.
- 468 471 people (22.7%) in rural areas are supplied by local public water supply systems, which are not always managed by public company (in most of these facilities the water is not disinfected, and if it is performed, it is usually done with chlorine products, but it is performed unequally and irregular).
- 79 703 people (3.86%) are supplied with drinking water from local water supply facilities (public fountains, wells, springs, pumps and other individual water supply facilities).
The access to safe drinking water is 97% and it categorized the Republic of Macedonia among countries with very high access, which reduces the country’s commitment to improve access to safe drinking water to 98% in 2020.
The safety of drinking water from the city water supply in the country is very high (Chart 1).
Graph. 1 Structure of the health safety of drinking water samples from urban water supply in the country for the period from 2002 to 2014 year