On November 25 marks the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, which starts global campaign “16 days of activism against violence to women” as a global, worldwide campaign to mark the 1,700 organizations in more than 100 countries worldwide. The campaign begins on November 25 with the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and ends on December 10 with International Human Rights Day.
November 25 was declared as International Day Against Violence Against Women at the first meeting of feminists in Latin America and the Caribbean (Feminist Encuentro), held in Bogota in 1981. At the meeting, the women talked about domestic violence, rape and sexual abuse as well as the regime’s violence in which women suffer, including torture and violence against political prisoners. November 25 was chosen as the day of remembrance of the sisters Mirabel (Patri, Minerva i Maria Teresa) who were brutally murdered by the dictator Rafael Trujillo in the Dominican Republic in 1960.
The elimination of violence against women 48/104 was adopted on 20 December 1993, with the Declaration of the United Nations (UN, and in 1999 with the UN Resolution 54/134, officially for the first time, November 25 began to be celebrated as international day for the elimination of violence against women.
The Convention of the Council of Europe on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or so-called “Istanbul Convention”, adopted the following definitions:
- “Violence against women” is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender-based violence that result or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life;
- “Domestic violence” means-all acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur within the family or household, or between former or current spouses or partners, whether the perpetrator shares or has shared the same habitat victim or not;
- “Gender” means the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities and attributes that are considered appropriate for women and men;
- ‘Gender-based violence against women “means violence against a woman just because she is a woman;
- “Victim” means any natural person who is exposed to the conduct referred to in a) and b) of this Article.
- the term “women” includes girls under the age of eighteen years.
Special attention is paid to the various types of gender-based violence (GBV) expressly provided by the Convention (psychological violence, stalking, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, forced abortion and forced sterilization, sexual harassment), given that national laws and policies mainly relating to domestic violence and certain types of sexual violence.
Violence has several forms, such as physical, sexual, psychological, economic, structural and spiritual violence. Most of the violence is a combination of physical, sexual and psychological violence.
- Physical, sexual and psychological violence that occurs in the family includes battering, sexual abuse of female children in the home, spousal rape, genital mutilation of girls and other traditional acts harmful to women, violence and other illegitimate.
- Physical, sexual and psychological violence that occurs in the community, includes rape, sexual abuse, sexual assault and harassment at work in educational and other institutions, trafficking in women and forced prostitution.
- Physical, sexual and psychological violence that is perpetrated or condoned by the state happened.
Data from various studies conducted worldwide show that in all countries regardless of whether they are developed or developing countries, regardless of their religious affiliation, culture, age, or status, women are more or less exposed to some form of violence whether physical, sexual or psychological. Violence as such represents the most common form of violation of human rights in Europe. According to statistics, every third woman in the world is a victim of violence by their partner, while one in five is subject to the threat of sexual violence. Women worldwide are subjected to violence, and the size and the actual nature of this problem often remains hidden. The reason for this is mild penal policy in cases of violence against women and it sends a terrible message that violence is legitimate and socially acceptable, concerning the fact that criminal charges are often rejected, due to lack of evidence, because the victim does not want a criminal prosecution or decides not to testify.
NO EXCUSE FOR VIOLENCE
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IS CRIME!